"Canon" means any information that is widely and officially accepted as fact and truth by preeminent authorities on the subject.
Wikipedia has this to say: "Canon, in terms of a fictional universe, is any material that is considered to be "genuine", or can be directly referenced as material produced by the original author or creator of a series."
The term "Canon" originally refers to the Bible. Books from the Old Testament (or Torah) were deemed as "canon" by Jesuit priests before the birth of Jesus Christ. Books from the New Testament were not considered "canon" for a very long time after the Crucifixion. It was not until all the major religious historians and scholars sat down sometime in the fourth century (300-399 CE) that the New Testament of the Bible was recognized as "fact and truth" by Christian religions.
This is the Bible that most people read to this day, though most don't know what it took to have the New Testament included. Imagine the Bible without it, and you will find that almost everything that is known about Christianity comes from the New Testament.
- Old Testament: "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth."
- New Testament: "Turn the other cheek."
Therefore, the classification of information as canon can mean a huge difference in an entire ideology, belief system or even to history itself. This is why anointing (canonizing) saints into the Catholic religion is called "canon law."
Anything else that is not either verified or rejected in this way must be considered as speculation until further notice.
-Mogturmen 22:30, 22 September 2008 (UTC)